Wisdom to Live Justly
In an earlier post we suggested that Christians cannot avoid reflecting on justice because justice is a constitutive part of “the good life.” Indeed, when we argue about justice we are in some sense arguing about the good. But in that earlier post we didn’t define what is meant by “the good life.” So let me now attempt a man on the street definition:
In the wisdom literature God gives us a vision for how to live and thrive despite the fallenness all around us. The wisdom literature exists to teach us how to recognize, choose and live ‘the good life.’ Consequentially, the wisdom literature teaches us a lot about justice.
How Is Justice Related to Wisdom?
The Proverbs present justice as an outgrowth of biblical wisdom. Those who find wisdom will find themselves loving and doing justice in practical, applied acts of righteousness. Indeed, the writer of Proverbs states directly that the goal of these collected sayings is that God’s people would learn how to do justice:
1The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel: 2To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, 3 to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity….
6 For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding; 7 he stores up sound wisdom for the upright; he is a shield to those who walk in integrity, 8 guarding the paths of justice and watching over the way of his saints. 9 Then you will understand righteousness and justice and equity, every good path;10 for wisdom will come into your heart, and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul; 11 discretion will watch over you, understanding will guard you, 12 delivering you from the way of evil, from men of perverted speech,13 who forsake the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness,14 who rejoice in doing evil and delight in the perverseness of evil, 15 men whose paths are crooked, and who are devious in their ways.
We are not to think we are biblically wise if, in fact, we do not walk in the paths of justice. The connection is as iron clad as:
provides a challenge to the preacher and the Christian. Have we preached the word and sought the Lord in such a way that we understand justice completely? If our people hear about “justice” from the world with greater frequency and intensity than they hear it from the word, the very best that can result is a partial and distorted worldly life in this area. We cannot let that happen and expect to be salt and light in this perverse and wicked generation. Wisdom requires we teach our people to live righteously, justly, and equitably.
What Does the Good Life Demand We Do Regarding Justice?
To the western mind, wisdom is something we store in our minds, in the intellect. It’s a heady thing. But in the thought world of the Bible, wisdom is something you also do or carry out. It’s a handy thing rather than merely a heady thing. You show wisdom, in part, by doing justice.
How, then, must we do righteousness and justice? We find seven requirements in seeking justice as God’s people.
- Fear God’s Wrath on Behalf of the Mistreated and Neglected
When it comes to justice, righteousness and equity, God has chosen a side in our disputes. God stands with the mistreated and the neglected. We read:
22 Do not rob the poor, because he is poor, or crush the afflicted at the gate, 23 for the Lord will plead their cause and rob of life those who rob them.
The Lord is “ride or die” with the afflicted.
Do not move an ancient landmark or enter the fields of the fatherless, 11 for their Redeemer is strong; he will plead their cause against you.
“Against you.” That’s the language of choosing sides. If we find ourselves involved in anything that defrauds the fatherless or our neighbor, we can be sure our holy God will come against us. That’s basic knowledge in the good life.
2. We Must Oppose Oppression
To do justice we must take our stand against injustice, oppression, unrighteousness and evil.
Whoever oppresses the poor to increase his own wealth, or gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.
Whoever says to the wicked, “You are in the right,” will be cursed by peoples, abhorred by nations, 25 but those who rebuke the wicked will have delight, and a good blessing will come upon them.
There can be no doubt in our minds and in the minds of our people that we must stand on the side of the righteous defending the cause of the marginalized. We cannot allow ourselves to think that the good life includes by-standing. We must oppose oppression in all its forms.
3. We Must Practically Respond to the Poor and Needy
Justice cannot be reduced to lip service. We must actually get in the game to attempt to relieve the suffering of the oppressed.
4. We Must Speak and Act to Protect Life
The good life that comes from fearing God and loving wisdom means we do not make excuses for why we are inactive in the cause of justice and righteousness. We repent of by-standing and indifference and we take up the cross of following God in the pursuit of righteousness.
Then the Bible tells us:
12 If you say, “Behold, we did not know this,” does not he who weighs the heart perceive it? Does not he who keeps watch over your soul know it, and will he not repay man according to his work?
We serve a God who knows us better than we know ourselves. He knows what we know and that we know it. He stands ready to hold us to account. If we know what is right then the Lord expects us to do what is right.
8 Open your mouth for the mute, for the rights of all who are destitute. 9 Open your mouth, judge righteously, defend the rights of the poor and needy.
The just person is always in some sense an advocate. The just shall speak up. They do not opt for silence when sound is necessary. They are not selective in who they protect. They defend the rights of all who are destitute.
5. Avoid Partiality
And in the pursuit of justice, the wise saint does not play favorites or sin in partiality.
6. Settle for Poverty with Justice Rather Than Riches with Injustice
We live in a world that idolizes riches and even rewards the acquisition of wealth through unjust means. But the wisdom of God requires a very different valuation.
16 Whoever oppresses the poor to increase his own wealth, or gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.
To put this another way: the truly just saint does not sell out for riches. They would prefer poverty to injustice.
7. Depend on God for justice:
Our justice pursuits must end where they began. It began with the fear of the Lord and it must end with trust in the Lord. Only the Lord is able to untangle the knots of human sin and produce righteousness and justice that’s pleasing to all.
If we do not preach justice as a vital part of the good life, then our people will not hear the scripture and will listen to counterfeits. I pray the Lord will enable His preachers to reunite faith and practice in pursuit of justice. What the Lord has joined together, let no preacher separate.
Other Posts in This Series:
- Prolegomenon: On Authority and Sufficiency
- What Do We Mean When We Talk about “Justice”?
- Justice in All It’s Parts (part 1 and part 2)
- The Gospel Combines All Aspects of Justice
- Genuine Social Injustice
- Secular Approaches to Justice
- Justice Begins with God
- Justice as Worship in the Prophets
3 To do righteousness and justice
is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice. (ESV)
31 Whoever oppresses a poor man insults his Maker,
but he who is generous to the needy honors him. (ESV)
8 Open your mouth for the mute,
for the rights of all who are destitute.
9 Open your mouth, judge righteously,
defend the rights of the poor and needy. (ESV)
2:1 My brothers, show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory. 2 For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in, 3 and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, “You sit here in a good place,” while you say to the poor man, “You stand over there,” or, “Sit down at my feet,” 4 have you not then made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts? 5 Listen, my beloved brothers, has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom, which he has promised to those who love him? 6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court? 7 Are they not the ones who blaspheme the honorable name by which you were called?
8 If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well. 9 But if you show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. 10 For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all of it. 11 For he who said, “Do not commit adultery,” also said, “Do not murder.” If you do not commit adultery but do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law. 12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged under the law of liberty. 13 For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.
14 What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith save him? 15 If a brother or sister is poorly clothed and lacking in daily food, 16 and one of you says to them, “Go in peace, be warmed and filled,” without giving them the things needed for the body, what good is that? 17 So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead.
18 But someone will say, “You have faith and I have works.” Show me your faith apart from your works, and I will show you my faith by my works. 19 You believe that God is one; you do well. Even the demons believe—and shudder! 20 Do you want to be shown, you foolish person, that faith apart from works is useless? 21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar? 22 You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was completed by his works; 23 and the Scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”—and he was called a friend of God. 24 You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone. 25 And in the same way was not also Rahab the prostitute justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way? 26 For as the body apart from the spirit is dead, so also faith apart from works is dead. (ESV)